Sunday, December 29, 2019
Canada is seen as a renowned country that is liberal-leaning and an evolving nation, that promotes the progression and development of women all over the world. However, this is not the case under every circumstance; because as a government and society they are guilty of punishing those that are involved with prostitution. The laws that are in place (i.e. Bill C-36), show an antiquated view on the ideology/issue of prostitution; which is one that not only prosecutes sex workers but also affects their means of creating a stable income, as well as affecting their personal safety by forcing them to conduct their business in dangerous environments in order to prevent themselves from being charged/arrested. If the Canadian Government were to assess the various countries that have legalized prostitution, and examine the successes and failures presented by those legislations; then they could successfully create a realistic law concerning prostitution that meets a middle ground for both parti es. Although prostitution may technically be Ã¢â¬Å"legalÃ¢â¬ , the acts that surround the issue are still considered to be illegal, such as: the advertisement of sexual services, purchasing said sexual services, financially benefit from the money received from said activities, and etc. The legalization of prostitution within Canada is not a newfound issue, and has always been a controversial issue. Therefore, within this essay I will be providing a summary of the Ã¢â¬Å"Attorney General of Canada vs. BedfordÃ¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedAdvantages of Legalizing Prostitution1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProstitution is known as the oldest profession and has been around for millenniums, dating back to Roman, Byzantine, Greek and Egyptian empires (Baldwin, 2004). The ancient cultures of those empires dealt with the needs of the group and consequently developed protocols for dealing with sexual relations that have propagated throughout time to the modern era. As a result, prostitution is prom inent in society today. When analyzing the sex trade, the factors of cultural precedence, philosophy, religionRead MoreProstitution in Canada Essay946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesan antiquated view on the issue of prostitutionÃ¢â¬âone that prosecutes sex workers instead of those who take advantage of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s situations and buy sexual services. BY examining the origins of current-day laws concerning prostitution in Canada and looking at European legislation as well as its successes and failures made it is possible to find a middle ground that will suit Canada should it ever decide to change its laws concerning prostitution. While prostitution is technically legal, acts surroundingRead MoreThe Ethics Of Prostitution Throughout Canada1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIndeep Kular Professor Victoria Burke Social Issues- PHLB05H3 November 6, 2015 The Ethics of Prostitution in Canada The practice or work of engaging in sexual activity with someone for payment is known as prostitution. Although some may frown upon it, it is an honest occupation and a source of income for numerous women in Canada. The womanÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective in this field should be emphasized and considered to be most important. There are various reasons women make the decision to be a part of such aRead MoreProstitution : The World s Oldest Profession3535 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Writing is like Prostitution. First you do it for love, and then for a few close friends, and then for money.Ã¢â¬ People for the legalization of prostitution believe prostitution can create positive outcomes for numerous people. However, other people believe legalizing it will hurt more people than it would help. Therefore, many people believe legalizing prostitution will create numerous benefits, however, others believe legalizing prostitution will produce negative outcomes. Prostitution has been aroundRead MoreShould Prostitution Be Legalized? Canada?1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessexual intercourse. Over time, the subject of prostitution has surfaced in spiritual and social discussion, and more recently into legal and moral discourses with an emphasis on the rights of sex workers. Since the recent phenomenon of advanced womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights through rigorous activist groups in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century, propelling the advancement of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights movements began to immerge in the first world. At its core, prostitution is not an individual issue, but rather, a societalRead MoreProstitution : The Oldest Profession1754 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIt has been said that prostitution is the oldest profession in the world. Where there is money there will be sex and where there is sex there will be prostitution. From Ancient Greece to the streets of North America, prostitution is woven into the fabric of most societies, past and present. Al though controversial, prostitution and the laws that govern this line of work in Canada have recently made headlines across the country. Canada (Attorney General) v Bedford, 2013 SCC72,  3 S.C.R 1101 hasRead MoreShould the United States Legalize Prostitution? Essay1148 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesProstitution in its legal sense is defined as sexual intercourse of some kind in exchange for some kind of payment, usually money (Adriaenssens and Hendrickx 665; Perer 826).As of 2013, there are an estimated 1 million to 2 million prostitutes active in the world wide sex work industry today (Adriaenssens and Hendrickx 666). Prostitution is illegal in the United States; however, many experts think that should change. Most European and Asian countries have legalized prostitution (AgustÃ n 74). SomeRead MoreA Woman With An Education1953 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessound advantage, I should think,Ã¢â¬ says Anne Bishop in her novel, Daughter of Blood. In this quote, Bishop is bashing the women o f the sex trade with her own prejudice about education. Unfortunately, the majority of the population shares this uneducated assumption of these women. Many women today are faced with harsh circumstances where they can only turn to Ã¢â¬Å"survival sexÃ¢â¬ to provide for themselves and/or others. Survival sex prostitution is one of two categories of prostitution where women (or men)Read MoreThe Legal Status Of Prostitution2252 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesoutdated, but rather heavily debated upon over time is prostitution, a rather taboo topic in the 21st century. Defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the business or practice of engaging in sexual relations in exchange for paymentÃ¢â¬ (Webster). As odd as that Ã¢â¬ËprofessionÃ¢â¬â¢ may sound to many people, prostitution has been a branch of the sex industry for countless years and, for long, has been deemed Ã¢â¬Å"the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s oldest professionÃ¢â¬ (Kipling). Despite its history, prostitution has been criminalized in various parts of the wo rld andRead More Sexual Exploitation of Women in the Developing World Essay2817 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageswomen are freer and are liberated from their traditional roles as housewives, and are pursuing their hopes and dreams. However, this is not the case in many regions of the world. In the developing countries, thousands of females are dehumanized by prostitution and the trafficking of women and children is dehumanizing which serves only to benefit men. It exploits and violates the rights of women in the developing world. Sexual exploitation, which includes sex tourism, bride trade, temporary marriages
Friday, December 20, 2019
Ethics and Legal Responsibility in Accounting The profession of accounting has become spotlighted by the events in recent years including namely Enron. The ethical behavior of businesses is becoming increasingly scrutinized at every turn. Thus it is important to specify the nature of conducting accurate and ethically in accounting and how this can be of subsequent benefit to the company as well as the business world in the long run. The definition of accounting according to Webster s dictionary is the system of recording and summarizing business and financial transactions and analyzing, verifying, and reporting the results. The purpose of accounting is to provide financial and business information to possible investors,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The SEC requires the reporting of financial statements by businesses and maintains the requirements needed to be met in these statements. The SEC also has the power to enforce the rules and laws within its jurisdiction. Without the express ability to meet out penalties the SEC would not have the same power as it does maintaining this ability. Finally, the PCOAB is a private organization formed to oversee the auditors in the public sector. The PCOAB provides standards and is ever evolving regulations to provide fair audit reports. These three companies in action provide the regulatory and legal boundaries for accounting. They maintain the integrity of the accounting profession as well as give investors security so that they can invest their monies in different companies thereby they effectively aid the flow of business and without them the business world may not be a functional concept since outside investors would rarely feel safe giving money to any company. The accounting profession and all that encompasses it have a vast and far reaching effect in the world of business. The purpose of accounting is to provide accurate financial information so that management and investors could have pertinent information to make valuable decisions. Thus to misconstrue the figures or to act in a manner that is unethical could result in the loss of others monies and their livelihoods as well as retard the flow ofShow MoreRelatedAccounting Ethics1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccounting Ethics 2 1. Given the corporate ethical breaches in recent times, assess whether or not you believe that the current business and regulatory environment is more conducive to ethical behavior. The ethical breaches in recent times, Weygandt, Kimel, Kieso( 2012) researched that Ã¢â¬Å"financial press open full articles and documents facts about financial scandals at Enron, WorldComRead MoreEthics in Accounting1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEthics in Accounting By Pace University Ã¢â¬â New York Accounting for Decision Making, MBA 640 Fall 2011 Required Research Paper Page 1 of 11 Table of Contents Number Content Page Number 1 Introduction 3 2 Ethics in Accounting 4 3 Enron Scandal 6 4 Satyam Scandal 8 5 Conclusion 10 6 References 11 Page 2 of 11 Introduction Ã¢â¬ ¢ What is Ã¢â¬Å"EthicsÃ¢â¬ ? Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that addresses questionsRead MoreAccounting Ethics677 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAccounting Ethics: Ethics is a term that is commonly used to describe a code or moral system that serves as a criterion for assessing right and wrong. Professionals operating in the business world usually face ethical dilemmas, which are situations where a person or group is faced with a decision that tests the moral system or code. While most of these dilemmas are easy to identify and resolve, they come with temptations that test a persons or groups ethics. Similar to others operating in theRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Accounting Profession1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEthics are a decision one makes in knowing the right thing to do and essentially doing the right thing. They are the rules of behavior based on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s belief of what is morally good and bad. A person may hear the word ethics and immediately think of government or the law. Not only does ethics have a role in government, it also plays a major role in business, including accounting. Schroeder, Clark Cathey (624) states that the Ã¢â¬Å"r eason for a high level of ethical conduct is the need for public confidenceRead More Accounting Ethics Essay1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesway to project that image, and there is a certain amount of truth to it. Not all accountants are anal-retentive little wimps who cannot get a date. Many of them are quite articulate. Some are quite lovely, in some schools, more than half of the accounting majors are women. Also, not all CPAs are squeaky clean and respected for their honesty. Some are quite dishonest and are putting a black mark on the image of the entire profession. There is one area where the CPA profession has fallen short of protectingRead MoreAnalysis Of Accounting Ethics935 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe accounting world has changed dramatically during the last two decades, yet at the same time its core responsibilities remain the same as it has in previous eras. Ethically speaking, company accountants and outside accounting firms have been at the crux of many of the disasters that have befallen major corporations both in America, and globally. The word Enron is a prime example of a company becoming a hiss and a byword, and the lack of ethics evidenced in that case is quite blatant. One reportRead MoreEthics Of Business And Accounting1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesE thics in Business and Accounting Ethics are not simply something, which is embodied an individual s conviction or considerations, yet that of what is best for a conglomeration or organization. Moral choices good to go are took care of ordinary, and generally conglomerations have a made set of principles to encourage manage administration to make the right choice. Moral choices are not dependably simple and may require some supposed as to the responses or effect of a choice. There are establishedRead MoreImportance of Ethics in Accounting1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRunning head: IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS IN ACCOUNTING Importance of Ethics in Accounting Everest University Importance of Ethics in Accounting Accounting fraud is common but is not as trivial as the common cold; a typical organization loses annual revenues of nearly 5 percent to fraud. In addition, almost one-quarter of reported fraud is exceeding $1 million dollars. The accounting industry is constantly growing and changing. Consequently, difficult decisions have to be made every day. Read MoreAccounting Ethics : Accounting Principles And Guidelines1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChristine Lewis Intermediate Accounting Kim Hurt Ethics Paper Accounting Ethics In accounting, ethics are based on a commitment to honesty and objectivity. Financial reports are to be shown in the clearest and most accurate way possible. Investors, creditors, managers, employees, and even customers need to be confident that their accounting professional is honest and consistent with accounting standards, otherwise there is a loss of trust and an increasing chance of fraud. Pretty much everyRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Accounting Profession1204 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEthics is a decision one makes in knowing the right thing to do and actually doing the right thing. They are the rules of behavior based on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s belief of what is morally good and bad. A person may hear the word ethics and immediately think of government or the law. Not only does ethics have a role in government, it also plays a major role in business, including accounting. Schroeder, Clark Cathey (624) states that the Ã¢â¬Å"reason for a high level of ethical conduct is the need for publi c confidence
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Pros of drinking are often related to moderate use, while cons are related to abuse. However, determining pros and cons based on amount of use is not a fail-safe method. Pros oIn healthy individuals, decreased risk for heart disease oDecreased risk for type 2 diabetes oRaise good cholesterol, lower bad cholesterol oReduce blood pressure oIncrease sociability oIncrease assertiveness oRelaxation oFor fun oAids in digestion oReduces blood clotting and risk of ischemic stroke oLike the taste Linked to reduced risk of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s oStudies indicate moderate use if connected to weight control by curbing sweets cravings oModerate use is linked to Cons oBeer belly oReduced nutrient absorption oIncreased risk of breast, uterine, mouth, esophageal cancer, among others oAlcohol poisoning oDeath oAddiction/dependence/alcoholism oIncreased risk for falls/injury oLower inhibitions leading to high risk behaviors, i. e. unprotected sex and drunk driving oFAS ocirrhosis. Pancreatitis odementia oheart damage Severe dehydration oCardiomyopathy (irregular heartbeat) oDisrupts sleep oDepressant oIncreased risk of violent behaviors oMurder/rape/assault oExpense oLaw-breaking behaviors oEmbarrassing behaviors oPass out/Blackout oStroke oOsteoporosis oSuicide oSpousal/child abuse/neglect oIncreased risk for gout oHangover/vomiting oLead to bad eating behaviors oPoor decision making through misperceptions of own abilities Sources: S. We will write a custom essay sample on Pros and Cons of Alcohol and Drug Use or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page M. A. R. T. : Students Monitoring Alcohol Responsibility Together. Retrieved from Centre CollegeÃ¢â¬â¢s Alcohol 101: Facts website: http://www.ukraine-insight.com.ua/interesting_facts_Ukraine.html http://edition.cnn.com/2007/HEALTH/12/04/healthmag.alcohol/ https://majorhealth.wordpress.com/2010/04/02/
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Role of Leaders in Organizational Change Management. Answer: Introduction In this paper, it is seen how leadership management has an influence on the change management within an organization and this paper sheds light on the factors of leadership management regarding the overall changes the organization goes through. Understanding issues of why organizations change I have learned that the changes in the organizations can be seen as a confluence of a whole process, moreover like representing a specific kind of chaos. In the model of organizational changes, 12 basic organizational variables can be considered when things get out of the hand of the management and the organization is in desperate need of change. It can also be said that, these variables actually represents the linkage and interdependencies of some sort of influences that started from the external factors and ending with some internal factors regarding individual employees and regarding their performances at work. When a particular organization changes the level or changes the strategy, structure or organizational culture, it can be said that, control systems can become a necessary tool and the role of senior management becomes very important for the organization. I have experienced that the concept of readiness for changes take various forms. Organizational developmental activities and the objectives are the primary human resource management focus regarding establishing and maintaining different aspects of an organization, like company policies, core competencies, or at times the culture of the organization. In this paper, our main focus would be on the fact that how organizational leaders take part in successfully changing the organization and how they navigate the organization through the much needed transformational changes. In todays world, business trends are changing in a very rapid manner and if the management of those organizations does not take initiatives to change, in no time their organization will be out of business (Goetsch and Davis 2014). I think that, change means to alter the present state of the organization and it can be achieved by coordination of a structured transitional period successfully. In an organization, the leaders are the ones who promote the required changes in the organization and he or she has to customize the style of management according to the needs. In most cases, the style of the leaders leading the organization is somewhat influenced by the numerous factors and might be analyzed from the position of a manager. Success of the changes within an organization is thus dependent on the way the manager cooperates and communicates with the workforce and numerous collaborative on the way the leader stimulates the workers to get engaged in the process of change. Diagnosing the needs for change The organizational models are the basic representative of the organization that help the individuals develop a cognitive idea about the organization in a more detailed manner. There are several models for this purpose and in this section we are going to discuss about the 6 box organizational model and the 7 S frameworks in details. Six box model I have learned that Weisbord proposed six major groups in his model of change for the organization and that includes purposes, structures, leadership, relationships, rewards and helpful mechanisms (Nahavandi 2016). Weisbord referred his structure in a way that where the company is somewhat organized and this might be a function where the specialists has to work together for a program, project or a product, in a way where various multi-skilled teams work together to achieve success. In his model Weisbord indentifies money, ideas, people and machineries as the valuable inputs and that are used to meet up the organizational goals and missions. There are two premises that are not obvious in Weisbords model and these are vital for the understanding of the boxes within the model. The first premise refers to the formal versus informal systems. The formal systems are those policies and the procedures that the organizations claim to do. Contrasting this theory it is seen that informal systems are the behaviours that actually takes place in the organizations. Within the organizations, the bigger the gap is present between the formal and informal systems the lesser effective the organization would be (Cameron and Green 2015). On the other hand, the second premise refers to the fit between the environment and the organization. In my opinion, the discrepancy persists between the existing association and the way that company should function to satisfy the external demands (Goetsch and Davis 2014). Weisbord defined external demands or pressures as the government, clients or the unions. In his model, Weisbord poses several questions for each box of his model and it can be said, OD consultants determine whether the members of the organization agree and support the missions and goals of the company within the purposes box. This particular question refers to the premise relating to the nature of the formal and informal systems within the company. Thus, it can be said that Weisbor ds model sheds light on the internal issues within the company primarily by posing the diagnostic questions which have to fit between what is and what should be. It is seen that, Weisbord has omitted various interconnection between the boxes of his model, but he tangentially sheds light on the external environment in the model. McKinseys 7 S models I have experienced that McKinsey 7 S Framework is named after a consulting organization which has conducted an applied research on business and industry (Beck, and Cowan 2014). This model is very useful for the change management system for any organization. The model was used in more than seventy large corporations and initially the framework was created as they are recognizable and can be easily remembered model in business organizations. The seven variables of this framework which are termed as levelers are named differently and all those names starts with initial letters. The shape of this model was actually designed to demonstrate the interdependency of all the variables and the demonstration of this model is been termed as Managerial Molecule. When the experts thought that the other variables that existed within the complex organizations, these variables represented in this particular model can be considered as vital to the leaders and the practitioners (Beck, and Cowan 2014). This model is necessary to determine the change management system of any organization. These variables include structure, style, skills, staffs and shared values. The structure can be described as the skeleton of the company and the strategy is referred to as the course of action while allocating the resources in order to achieve the identified goals over time. Systems are the scheduled process and procedure that is followed within the company. Staffs are referred to as the employees categories within the company, such as engineers. Skills are the capabilities of the general w orkforce, and Style can be referred to as the thought to encompass the cultural style of the organization (Nahavandi 2016). What are the things that changes the organizations The Incremental change refers to the small adjustments that can be made towards atargeted result. In the business field, making incremental changes does not have any noteworthy impact on the existing structures ormodify the current methods (Goetsch and Davis 2014).The suitable examples ofincremental change may include a continuous improvement like a quality management process or the implementation of new computer system to increase theefficiencies (Cameron and Green 2015). On contrary to the incremental changes, transformational change can be said, is aprocess of changing the basic elements of a companys culture, including all the norms, assumptions, andvalues under which the business functions. In business environment, the transformational changes deals with an organization making afundamental change in its business model; often requiring the changes in organizational structure, culture and management.An instance of transformational change is the change in a companys structure and c ulture from the traditional top and down, hierarchical structure to a large sum of self and directing teams (Beck, and Cowan 2014). In some cases it is more appropriate to pursue the incremental change rather than transformational change (Mujtaba 2013).The Incremental change is very efficient when a corporation wants to be cautious in changing its strategies, and policies. Incremental change method allows the companies to take lesser risks when changing their existing structure. When there is a risk inchanging a companysstructure, the transformational change is not at allappropriate (Nahavandi 2016). Communicating Change The leaders or the managers of the organizations must not forget the essentiality of the communication between the workforce of the organization and the management of the organization for making the most of the productivity achieved by the employees of the organization (Goetsch and Davis 2014). When an organization goes through any types of changes, the communication between the workers and the managers must be transparent as it is the duty of the managers to train and develop the employees according to the changes the organization is going through (Beck, and Cowan 2014). The managers should communicate regarding all that is known to them regarding the changing process for the benefit of the workers as well as the organization (Cameron and Green 2015). The employees must have a clear idea about the changes their organization is going through and thus making transparent communication is very essential when the organization is going through a process of changes (Mujtaba 2013). The mana gers should listen to the employees about their problems and communicate with them to resolve the issues and hold interactive workshops to let them know about the changes the company is going through (Nahavandi 2016) . Leadership and organizational culture in change management From my learning, it can be said that leadership development and change management are among the top priorities for many companies my opinion, but the majority of the corporations falls short of their missions regarding both the issues (Beck, and Cowan 2014). The main issue behind this can be said that they treat leadership development and change management as two different aspects of the organization (Beck, and Cowan 2014). Without a proper leadership making changes in an organization cannot take place and the management of the organizations must not forget this fact. To achieve better results, the managers of the organizations must coordinate their leadership development and change management efforts considering both as same. Proper leadership involves deviating from cultural expectations in many ways that inspires other individuals to follow. The managers from all the levels of a company must overcome the resistance if a logical cultural change takes place (Goetsch and Davis 2014) . Thus it can be said that, the bottom up part of the integrated development and the change process needs proper effective leaders throughout the organization to get engaged in a method of learning how to enable a desired change within the culture of the organization. For an example, I can say that if an organization all of a sudden finds itself audited at the request of their one of the most important clients, and were told that they needed to change their procedure of accounting. In response to that, the employees of the organization can insist that the changes cannot be made by the deadline which was demanded on the first place (Mujtaba 2013). To conclude, it can be said that change management and the leadership developmental programs actually have a woeful record at the most companies. In many cases they come up against the trivial challenges that deviate from a dominant culture that is very difficult. References Goetsch, D.L. and Davis, S.B., 2014.Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Bolman, L.G. and Deal, T.E., 2017.Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership. John Wiley Sons. Cameron, E. and Green, M., 2015.Making sense of change management: A complete guide to the models, tools and techniques of organizational change. Kogan Page Publishers. Belias, D. and Koustelios, A., 2014. The impact of leadership and change management strategy on organizational culture.European Scientific Journal, ESJ,10(7). Beck, D.E. and Cowan, C., 2014.Spiral dynamics: Mastering values, leadership and change. John Wiley Sons. Nahavandi, A., 2016.The Art and Science of Leadership -Global Edition. Pearson. Rock, D., 2014.Quiet leadership. HarperCollins e-books. Ajmal, S., Farooq, M.Z., Sajid, N. and Awan, S., 2012. Role of leadership in change management process.Abasyn University Journal of Social Sciences,5(2), pp.111-124. Carter, M.Z., Armenakis, A.A., Feild, H.S. and Mossholder, K.W., 2013. Transformational leadership, relationship quality, and employee performance during continuous incremental organizational change.Journal of Organizational Behavior,34(7), pp.942-958. Johnston, M.W. and Marshall, G.W., 2016.Sales force management: Leadership, innovation, technology. Routledge. Hammer, M., 2015. What is business process management?. InHandbook on Business Process Management 1(pp. 3-16). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Pugh, L., 2016.Change management in information services. Routledge. Mujtaba, B.G., 2013.Managerial skills and practices for global leadership. ILEAD Academy.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Scarlet Letter And Evil Problem The virtue of truth and the evil of secret sin are clearly illustrated in the novel, The Scarlet Letter, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. The three main characters in this novel display their own honesty and sins. Hester Prynne exhibits the essence of truth and pride when she bravely faces the humiliation of the scaffold. In chapter 17, when Hester apologizes to Dimmesdale about concealing Chillingworth's identity, she says, "In all things else, I have striven to be true! Truth was the one virtue which I might have held, and did hold fast, through all extremity...A lie is never good, even though death threaten on the other side (pg. 202)!" It is Hester's pride, which sustains her from the beginning of the novel to the end, when she dies, still sporting the scarlet A on her bosom. Hester's sin is the sin which gives the book its title and around which the action of the book resolves. Adultery, which was prohibited by the Seventh Amendment, was usually punished by death. A woman in the crowd stated, "At the very least, they should have put the brand of a hot iron on Hester Prynne's forhead...She may cover it (the scarlet letter) with a brooch, or such like heathenish adornment, and so walk the streets as brave as ever (pg. 53)!" Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale shows truth by his occupation. People living in Boston, Massachusetts looked up to and respected Dimmesdale because he was a minister. One of his sins was his inability to publicly acknowledge that he committed adultery with Hester and that he is the father of Pearl, Hester's daughter. However, adultery was not his biggest sin. His biggest sin is hypocrisy. In chapter ten, he speaks of the concealment of his sins, he says, "It may be that they are kept silent by the very constistution of their nature. Or-can we not suppose it-guilty as they may be, retaining, nevertheless, a zeal for God's glory and man's welfare...no evil of the past be redeemed by better service (pg. 137)." While trying to conceal his sins, they take over his conscience and literally confess themselves during his acts of madness. The third main character, Roger Chillingworth, is a pretty innocent man in the beginning of this book. He comes to America to be reunited with his wife, Hester, but soon comes to find out that she has committed adultery. Chillingworth has however committed two sins also. One of them being against nature. He says, "A man already in decay, having given my best years to feed the hungry dream of knowledge, -what had I to do with youth and beauty like thine own (pg. 77)!" Sin, in actuality, begins to take possession of Chillingworth when he noticed Hester on the scaffold. Chillingworth eventually destroys himself. As he is talking to Hester in chapter fourteen when he has realized what has happened between Hester and Dimmesdale, he says, "Dost thou remember me? Was I not, though you might deem me cold, nevertheless a man thoughtful for others, craving little for himself, -kind, true, just, and of constant, if not warm affections? Was I not all this (pg. 180)?" As shown in the novel, each individual character displayed both senses of truth and evil. Some were less severe than others, but still sins. Overall, a lesson of purity is developed throughout the book.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Strengths and Weaknesses of the European Union essays The European Union is a result of an effort to build a more unified Europe. Fifty years ago, after World War II, Europeans were seeking out a way to prevent another war as costly as this one had been. This would have to be done in both the economic aspects as well as politically. This would be good for Europe in that everyone would benefit from this unification and more powerful as a whole. The major difficulty to this is going to be the cultural differences between the countries themselves. This could lead different countries to feel as if they have to defend their cultures from attacks and could result in a total loss for this union. The start of the European Coal and Steel Community was proposed by the foreign minister of France, Robert Schuman and consisted of six nations Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The reason for this unification was to group together all of their coal and steel into a joint market. In years following, Rome Treaties established the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community, which extended this common market to all areas of the economies of these nations. In 1967, these three treaty organizations were collaborated into a single governing body called the European Community. In 1993, the passing of the Maastricht Treaty now called this body the European Union. Currently the Union is comprised of 15 countries. There are many strengths that resulted from this unifying of Europe. First off is the unions ability to promote economic progress by collaborating markets and even the establishment of the Euro (new currency that will be standard throughout Europe). Since its founding in 1952, the economic community has shown to be encouraging. The European Coal and Steel Community resulted in a production increase of 75% in the ECSC nations between 1952 and 1960. One of the biggest economic factors of this uni...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
English Renaissance Poetry - Essay Example The connection between art and nature in English poetry had begun and later flourished during the Romantic Period, especially with poets like Wordsworth, Shelly, Keats, Byron, Blake and Clare. "According to Ross, the earlier Renaissance, exemplified by the pastoral poets Sidney, Spencer and Breton, tended to see nature as a norm, art as a corruption (Richard Ross' analysis of Herrick, E. in C, XV, 1965, 171-180)1. But Taylor concludes that 'both Nature and Art were necessary to any accurate, complete view of the world'. Nature needs the nurture of man's art. In sixteenth century, word 'art' had a derogatory sense of 'false or counterfeit imitation.' While describing Temple of Venus, Spencer sees art and nature as working partners2: The synthesis of art and nature is existent throughout, but nowhere it is more apparent than in Book VI. Sidney is another poet/writer who made a great contribution in this direction, as admitted by many scholars over the years. Sidney celebrates poet's power in reinventing the nature. It was a peaceful period in history when there were no wars, arts were flourishing and natural ecology was untouched by man, people were good and just and literature was just emerging out of age-worn clichs. People in rural areas literally lived supported by Nature, and these poets were in tune with them, which can be seen by the harmonious poem The Garden of Marvell. The most per SPENCER AND THE FAIRIE QUEENE: The most perfect way art could imitate nature, is shown by Spencer's works. This English epic poem of Spencer published in 1590 in three books, was an allegorical work praising Queen Elizabeth I. In introducing pastoral kingdom to English literature, Spencer seems to have followed the footsteps of Homer and Virgil (Eclogues). As a matter of fact, all Renaissance humanists followed Virgil's footsteps in their veneration of nature, and combined it in various forms of arts. Sidney said "Pastoral was thought to be the humblest type of poetry" (p.943), and Spencer hoped to be the new pastoral Virgil of Renaissance. Pastoral poetry presents an idealistic picture of rural life, where Nature and Art combine together to create an Utopia or Shangri-la. These poets showed enormous understanding and compassion towards Nature and Art both. Usually it is the result of a humanist education and love for nature, which later reflected in the poetics of William Wordsworth. It has love, seduction, death, mourning, nature's ever-caressing and soothing presence, and the art that stems out of imitating the nature. Spencer's view of nature is always considered to have contained 'contradiction'. In the 8th canto of the 4th book, Spencer gives reasons for the decay of nature, while saying the world 'has runne quite out of square'..the heavenly bodies rove at random, even the sun it is feared, in time, "will us quite forsake". Spencer later gives a more harmonious picture of the nature: In sort as they were formed aunciently; And all things will reduce unto equality. (V.ii.32). In later days, pastoral poetry was strengthened by the mighty Shakespeare, while the early Renaissance poets only managed